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Emotion Regulation Inventory ERI

Emotion regulation is crucial for everyday life and considered relevant for psychological functioning. For investigating emotion regulation valid and reliable measures are required. The purpose of the main part of my dissertation was the development and statistical testing of a new questionnaire – the Emotion Regulation Inventory (ERI, in German: das Emotionsregulations-Inventar).

According to the Process Model of Emotion Regulation proposed by James Gross (1998; Gross & Thompson, 2007), the ERI was designed to assess strategies for the regulation of both negative (ERI-NE) and positive emotions (ERI-PE) differentiatedly.

Based on a total data set of N = 1 762 participants and different sample constellations (e.g., women and men, anxiety patients) extensive analyses of dimensional structure, reliability, and construct validity of the ERI were conducted. Results of principal component and confirmatory factor analyses indicated five (Controlled Expression, Uncontrolled Expression, Empathic Suppression, Distraction, and Reappraisal) and four underlying dimensions (Controlled Expression, Uncontrolled Expression, Empathic Suppression, and Distraction), respectively, for the ERI-NE and the ERI-PE.

Internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) of the scales was satisfying, ranging from .77 to .96. Correlations with various emotion-related variables and dimensions of psychological functioning or mental impairment provided indications for construct validity of the ERI. Further analyses of the ERI concerned, amongst others, establishing gender-specific standard values. Overall, the ERI can be considered a reliable and valid instrument for assessing the habitual use of various strategies for regulating negative and positive emotions.

If you are interested in the questionnaire (validated German and also English version), please contact me per e-mail:



Please cite the ERI as follows:

König, D. (2011). Die Regulation von negativen und positiven Emotionen. Entwicklung des Emotionsregulations-Inventars und Vergleich von Migränikerinnen mit Kontrollpersonen. Unpublished dissertation, University of Vienna.



Gross, J. J. (1998). The emerging field of emotion regulation: An integrative review. Review of General Psychology, 2, 271–299.

Gross, J. J. & Thompson, R. A. (2007). Emotion regulation: Conceptual foundations. In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation (pp. 3–24). New York: Guilford.

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